The Colosseum was constructed in 8 years only. Originally it was called «Flavian Amphitheatre», in honor of the emperors who ordered to build this structure. Colosseum has its present name due to the huge (Latin: colosseus) statue of the emperor Nero that once stood nearby. The Colosseum could seat up to 80,000 spectators, and the arena could simultaneously offer a place to fight to 6,000 people.
The Colosseum was equipped with 36 lifts, which were driven by slaves. It was covered by a unique fabric tent from above. Spectators placed themselves on seating stands. Spectacular battles continued until the prohibition of gladiatorial games in the year 400.
In the Renaissance, the Colosseum was transformed into a quarry; they built houses, churches and bridges from its marble until 1750 when Pope Benedict XIV did declare it a holy place, where the Christian martyrs had been dying.
Currently, the Colosseum is a monument of history and ancient architecture attracting the millions of tourists from all over the world.